Each year, nearly 45 million young male chickens are killed in Germany. Their eggs are unsuitable for the market. New procedures for sex recognition should make certain that they may not be also bred. David Tedevosian/ Shutterstock
In an meeting with EURACTIV Germany, Dr Ludger Breloh, the handling director associated with egg breeding company Seleggt Gmbh, talked about Germany’s present decision to permit the mass killings of young male chickens and just how his company’s Seleggt process could possibly be utilized being a bridging technology until more commercially viable techniques are observed.
Dr Ludger Breloh, an agricultural economist, is the handling director of Seleggt GmbH, a part of this Rewe Group. Seleggt GmbH, in cooperation because of the University of Leipzig, has continued to develop the very first method that is operational very early sex recognition in hen eggs.
The sex of a young chicken can be determined in the egg with the Seleggt method. How exactly does this work?
Our method is better referred to as an endocrine, meaning a hormone-based method. We know already that gender-specific hormones, such as for example oestrone sulphate, happen to be contained in the non-incubated egg and so are just created when you look at the egg that is female.
To achieve this, you have to wait about nine times before the hormones are located in the egg in enough amount. Then we draw out a small fall of fluid through the egg, which we mix by having a biochemical marker.
This then shows, by having a colour modification, perhaps the sulphate that is oestrone current. Feminine eggs are then gone back to your incubator and hatched, while male eggs are prepared into animal feed.
Up to now, nonetheless, gender determination is not considered prepared for serial manufacturing, and just a supermarkets that are few these eggs. Exactly why is that?</p>
Within the last few 2 yrs, we’ve made progress that is incredible refining our technology. We could now analyse around 3,000 eggs each hour, per machine.
But, the procedure has just been utilized in our in-house hatchery up to now. Our birds lay so-called Respeggt eggs, that are currently offered in about 380 supermarkets in the greater Berlin area today. The fact these eggs just exist here, for the present time, is basically because the number of laying hens remains workable.
Since February, but, we’ve been breeding on a more substantial scale, with about 20,000-30,000 young feminine chickens hatching each week. Because of the end of July, the initial generation will likely to be of sufficient age to lay their particular eggs. There after, I will be seeing a number that is increasing of eggs in the marketplace. The Rewe Group has set it self the aim of selling these eggs in most its branches that are german the termination associated with the entire year.
Beginning year that is next we shall then present and then make our technology offered to hatcheries. To start with, this is done in a way that is cost-neutral.
Respeggt eggs will, therefore, be slowly in the marketplace.
Cost-neutral may possibly imply that you first need to make an advance re re payment. Exactly why is that the scenario?
Our business structure is made of supermarkets having to pay us a licence charge – but only once the first eggs are for sale in supermarkets. We’ve developed a Respeggt logo design to demonstrate the consumer that the eggs were produced without killing young birds.
This really is a definite added value as supermarkets can make this marketable then. Just then, will they spend us a licence charge because the hatching was made by us eggs offered by the beginning of the supply string.
The client, consequently, would additionally assist in preventing chickens that are young being slaughtered due to the fact cost of eggs will likely be slightly increased.
Any kind of other options for the detection that is early of being developed?
Yes, other practices are increasingly being investigated in eight or nine facilities global, including in Canada and Australia, but additionally when you look at the universities of Munich and Dresden. We cannot say more about these methods, as his or her development naturally occurs in today’s world.
In just about any full instance, i might welcome it if other procedures had been made in the marketplace. I will be perhaps not only concerned with your competition, but additionally in regards to the problem of killing young birds.
In all honesty, running the complete sector with an individual technology will be a challenge that is serious.
Is since your reach continues to be too little?
Yes. We expect you’ll raise about 1.5 million chickens that are young our hatchery in 2010 – that is merely a drop within the ocean if you think about that a complete of 45 million young male chickens are now being gassed or shredded each year.
This means we’ll require a good deal more time before reaching such high volumes. Just then will we have the ability to discuss about it a paradigm shift. Rome had not been built per day.
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As soon as the Seleggt technology had been established, it absolutely was labelled being a bridging technology until other solutions had been discovered. A different one of the may be the use that is dual of. Could that function as future of chicken agriculture?
The simple fact because we have been breeding two types of highly optimised, extremely productive chickens for decades: laying hens and broiler chickens that we even kill millions of young chickens at all is only.
Here is the way that is only can create really cheap eggs and chicken meat. The rational objective, needless to say, should be to reproduce hens which have a beneficial laying performance, while their brothers have a fattening performance that is high. That seems like a jack-of-all-trades form of unit which is what it really is.
Being an agricultural scientist having a PhD in farming, i will inform you there are complementary properties that rule out of the possibility that the hen can both lay eggs productively, while additionally building muscle that is sufficient. Each one or even the other.
Nonetheless, i am hoping that the reproduction organizations continue steadily to work intensively with this problem making sure that we now have a solution that is economically viable dual-use chickens.
Gender dedication methods are simply a solution that is temporary it could undoubtedly be much more sustainable and in every of our passions whenever we could place an end to the killing of young birds.
Edited by Zoran Radosavljevic
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